@article {2017,
title = {Isomonodromy Deformations at an Irregular Singularity with Coalescing Eigenvalues},
year = {2017},
abstract = {We consider an n{\texttimes}n linear system of ODEs with an irregular singularity of Poincar\'e rank 1 at z=$\infty$, holomorphically depending on parameter t within a polydisc in Cn centred at t=0. The eigenvalues of the leading matrix at z=$\infty$ coalesce along a locus Δ contained in the polydisc, passing through t=0. Namely, z=$\infty$ is a resonant irregular singularity for t∈Δ. We analyse the case when the leading matrix remains diagonalisable at Δ. We discuss the existence of fundamental matrix solutions, their asymptotics, Stokes phenomenon and monodromy data as t varies in the polydisc, and their limits for t tending to points of Δ. When the deformation is isomonodromic away from Δ, it is well known that a fundamental matrix solution has singularities at Δ. When the system also has a Fuchsian singularity at z=0, we show under minimal vanishing conditions on the residue matrix at z=0 that isomonodromic deformations can be extended to the whole polydisc, including Δ, in such a way that the fundamental matrix solutions and the constant monodromy data are well defined in the whole polydisc. These data can be computed just by considering the system at fixed t=0. Conversely, if the t-dependent system is isomonodromic in a small domain contained in the polydisc not intersecting Δ, if the entries of the Stokes matrices with indices corresponding to coalescing eigenvalues vanish, then we show that Δ is not a branching locus for the fundamental matrix solutions. The importance of these results for the analytic theory of Frobenius Manifolds is explained. An application to Painlev\'e equations is discussed.},
url = {http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35289},
author = {Giordano Cotti and Boris Dubrovin and Davide Guzzetti}
}