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L-1 stability estimates for n x n conservation laws

TitleL-1 stability estimates for n x n conservation laws
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsBressan, A, Liu, T-P, Yang, T
JournalArch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 149 (1999), no. 1, 1--22

Let $u_t+f(u)_x=0$ be a strictly hyperbolic $n\\\\times n$ system of conservation laws, each characteristic field being linearly degenerate or genuinely nonlinear. In this paper we explicitly define a functional $\\\\Phi=\\\\Phi(u,v)$, equivalent to the $L^1$ distance, which is `almost decreasing\\\', i.e., $\\\\Phi(u(t),v(t))-\\\\Phi(u(s),v(s))\\\\leq\\\\break O (\\\\epsilon)·(t-s)$ for all $t>s\\\\geq 0$, for every pair of $\\\\epsilon$-approximate solutions $u,v$ with small total variation, generated by a wave-front-tracking algorithm. The small parameter $\\\\epsilon$ here controls the errors in the wave speeds, the maximum size of rarefaction fronts and the total strength of all non-physical waves in $u$ and in $v$. From the above estimate, it follows that front-tracking approximations converge to a unique limit solution, depending Lipschitz continuously on the initial data, in the $L^1$ norm. This provides a new proof of the existence of the standard Riemann semigroup generated by an $n\\\\times n$ system of conservation laws.\\\'\\\'


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